Auto Industry Can Boost India’s Green Effort, Here’s How

In the wake of growing demands, industries are adapting to meet production needs. They do not realize the abundance of toxic gases released into the atmosphere with each production cycle.

The climate change of recent years has profoundly shaken the momentum of our lives. The extreme changes have already taken their toll with flooding, loss of coral reefs, melting glaciers and global warming. The continuous degradation of the environment is progressively affecting the planet. With the unprecedented changes and recurring calamities, the looming environmental crisis is not far away. According to a study by the Health Effects Institute and the Institute for Health Metric, approximately 6.65 million people die from air pollution worldwide.

In the wake of growing demands, industries are adapting to meet production needs. They do not realize the abundance of toxic gases released into the atmosphere with each production cycle. Over the past decade, our planet has been filled with cars and other vehicles powered by internal combustion engines (ICE). These modes of transportation use fuels like gasoline and diesel that emit carbon dioxide and other harmful chemicals into the air. A threat ignored for years, it has now become the most important cause of air pollution. In 2019, air pollution was recorded as the fourth leading cause of death, surpassing other common chronic diseases like obesity, high cholesterol and malnutrition.

India is in an unstable situation when it comes to air pollution. The research indicates that India is most exposed to air pollution with concentrations of 83.2 PM2.5. The country is a hotbed of air pollution caused by ICE vehicles, coal-fired power plants, industrial discharges, and more. As a result, large numbers of people are dying from cardiovascular and respiratory diseases induced by air pollution across the country.

Auto industry leads the way to a green nation

As an important driver of the economy, the automotive sector holds the torch of introducing environmentally friendly practices. The gradual adoption of battery-powered e-mobility in India is one of the significant developments in the industry. The eco-friendly mechanism removes major barriers to climate change by building a sustainable ecosystem. With the risk to the planet looming, India joined the 2015 Paris Climate Summit to keep global warming well below 2°C.

Awakened to climate concerns, the automotive industry is turning to electric mobility. This is the only way to reduce toxic gas emissions from ICE vehicles. It will be a step towards India’s ambition of inducing carbon neutrality and becoming a green nation. In addition, the ICEV’s shift to electric mobility will also reduce fossil fuel depletion, thereby minimizing the effects of climate change.

With an initiative to boost India’s green effort, the government has launched a start-up plan with the National Electric Mobility Mission (NEMM). It will equip the country to build more than 6 to 7 million electric vehicles. The plan facilitates collaboration with government agencies to acquire local manufacturing, infrastructure and technology capabilities.

By transforming India’s automotive sector, a growing number of players are building quality and cost-effective electric mobility. New age advanced technology and machinery are being developed to meet the country’s need for electric bicycles and scooters. While financing and retailing electric vehicles remains an issue, aspiring automakers are benefiting from India’s Rs 26,000 crore PLI (Production-Linked Incentive) scheme. It offers incentives on electric and hydrogen fuel cell vehicles with advanced technology components. This, in turn, is gradually accelerating automotive manufacturing of electric vehicles.

For the manufacture of electric vehicles, lithium batteries are a necessity. Excluding the shortage of Li batteries, the electric vehicle industry can take advantage of government-declared incentives worth $4.6 billion, mostly for battery manufacturers. As a result, the availability of electric vehicles will increase while decreasing the cost of production.

Long unattended, ICE vehicles have contributed significantly to air pollution. They further aggravate the environmental crisis by increasing road temperatures and noise pollution. Switching to electric mobility reduces pollution and the depletion of natural resources while minimizing the effects of climate change such as global warming. The gradual adoption of electric vehicles is a step towards a greener India.

Author: Sushant Kumar, CEO and Managing Director, Amo Mobility

Warning: The views and opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the original author. These views and opinions do not represent those of Indian Express Group or its employees.

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